Pharyngitis in dogs - Causes, symptoms and treatment


Laryngitis in dogs It is the same as in people, it is an inflammation of the mucosa of the larynx, which causes pain, trouble swallowing and other discomfort. If your dog has this problem, he needs a treatment to recover! How is canine laryngitis treated? Let's see it!

But ... what causes laryngitis in dogs?

Laryngitis in dogs can be due to various causes, since the larynx can suffer for many reasons. The intake of ice, food or liquids that are very cold or even very hot, can cause the larynx to become inflamed and inflamed. If the dog catches cold by being exposed to drafts, it can also happen.

Throat irritations can also be consequences of external elements that the dog does not swallow directly but can inhale, such as dust or toxic gases.

In addition, when certain diseases are complicated, secondary laryngitis may appear. For example, it is the case of adenovirus in dogs.

Symptoms of laryngitis in dogs

The clearest and most characteristic sign of laryngitis in dogs is cough. At first, it is a dry cough that can cause pain to the dog in the throat due to the impact it produces, later it becomes usually wet and coughing, the dog makes such efforts to cough that he may feel nauseous and vomit. The cough gets worse when the dog eats or if the environment is cold, in addition, the dust also aggravates the condition.

Further, you have trouble breathing, shortness of breath or rapid breathing and wheezing in your chest. It is common for the dog to have a fever and feel depressed, have general malaise or depression.

Treatment of laryngitis in dogs

To diagnose laryngitis, the veterinarian performs the necessary tests, listens with the stethoscope and can perform an internal study of the larynx by probing the dog to see inside.

If laryngitis is diagnosed in dogs, treatment begins by eliminating from the dog's environment the cause that triggered the problem. We must offer a clean and warm environment, free of dust, toxic substances and current. Also, try not to drink or eat anything too cold.

In addition, the veterinarian will prescribe the most appropriate pharmacological treatment, such as antibiotics, anti-inflammatories or analgesics.

It is very important that you go to the veterinarian at the first symptom of laryngitis in your dog. The sooner your treatment begins, the less complications you will have. React quickly! If your dog coughs nonstop, something is wrong.

What is pharyngitis?

Let's start at the beginning: the pharynx is the junction between the nasal passages and the back of the mouth. In her they are located, as in the humans, the tonsils, formed by lymphatic tissue and usually invaluable. The conditions that affect this space will be pharyngitis. In dogs they can occur at the same time pharyngitis and tonsillitis. Although canine pharyngitis seems a mild condition, a visit to the veterinarian is mandatory.

Causes of pharyngitis in dogs

The causes that can cause pharyngitis in dogs are different. Some are associated with mouth infections (a wound can occur when biting a stick, for example), sinus or respiratory tract infections, in addition to systemic diseases, such as distemper or parvovirosis. These are the ones that would have an infectious, viral or bacterial origin.

Sudden changes in temperature and air currents are predisposing factors for pharyngitis. The widespread use of allowing the dog to travel by car by sticking its head out the window is also discouraged.

Symptoms of pharyngitis in dogs

The symptom The following are common and characteristic of pharyngitis in dogs, and are derived from the inflammation that occurs:

  • Cough and aphonia.
  • Nausea that can reach vomiting.
  • Pain when swallowing, making it easy for them to stop eating.
  • Hypersalivation
  • Fever, the high temperature contributes to our dog being apathetic, without wanting to play or move.

We may see the bottom of the throat red and even distinguish the tonsils if they are also inflamed. Sometimes it will be possible to observe, in addition, a purulent secretion in the back of the throat.

We must transfer our dog to the veterinarian as soon as possible since, as always, he will be responsible for diagnosing the pathology and prescribing the appropriate treatment for the pharyngitis of our dog, once he has examined it.

What is pharyngitis?

Pharyngitis is the inflammation of the mucous membranes of the pharynx that causes redness and sore throat. Sometimes the inflammation can become so great that it can be felt from the outside.

    Recommended Reading:Pharyngitis in Human Beings

Usually its origin is viral, but there are other factors that can influence the dog such as stress situations and infection of a throat wound. This usually happens when they eat sticks, for example.

However, it is true that, as with humans, Puppies and elderly dogs are more prone since the former do not have fully developed defenses and the latter may have some other disease that causes them to acquire pharyngitis more easily.

Pharyngitis is not spread from humans to dogs or vice versa, but it can be spread from some dogs to others. Therefore, if there are several dogs in the home and one of them develops pharyngitis, it is advisable to isolate it from others so that they do not end up infected.

Why does my dog ​​have pharyngitis?

Although most of the canine pharyngitis have their origin in virus infection, the sudden temperature changes They can also be a cause. This occurs especially in winter when the dog is taken to the street at low temperatures and then returns to the interior of the house where it is hotter.

The reason why cold temperatures affect dogs' throat so easily is because they, by not sweating, evaporate by panting, which forces them to keep their mouths open constantly. Thus, when it is very cold outside or the air conditioner is too strong, it is easy for the cold to directly affect your throat causing pharyngitis.

Some systemic diseases such as distemper or parvovirosis they can also be the cause of the appearance of pharyngitis in the dog, as well as infections in the breasts or in the respiratory tract.

A solution to prevent canine pharyngitis is, in winter, take the dog with a coat so that it does not acknowledge the temperature changes between the street and the interior of the house. Another option is, when it is time to take it to the street, stay a few minutes in a temperature transition place, such as the portal. For the same reason, the dog's bed should not be next to the heating because in that way you will notice even more the temperature drop when going outside.

It can also affect eat or drink food too cold or sleep in a place too cold, either outside or inside the house. Staying wet for a long time makes it easier for the dog to get pharyngitis so after bathing it it is necessary to dry it as soon as possible and the same if you bathe in the sea or in a river in summer. If the dog gets wet by having been in the rain or walking and playing in the snow, you should also try to dry it or put on a raincoat to prevent it from getting wet.

Canine pharyngitis may appear if the dog has wounds or injuries inside the mouth that can become infected and also if you suffer from any infection in the breasts or in the respiratory tract. Viruses and bacteria can easily pass to the pharynx causing inflammation.

In addition, if the dog already suffers from any respiratory-related illness such as elongation of the soft palate, a condition of the vocal cords or erosion of the laryngeal ventricles, laryngeal paralysis, collapse of the trachea, bronchitis, etc. ... fits the possibility of pharyngitis complicating these diseases even more. Therefore, you have to be twice as careful and careful and go to the veterinarian as soon as the first symptoms appear.

What are the symptoms of pharyngitis in dogs

The symptoms of canine pharyngitis are very similar to those of other diseases of dogs related to the throat, so it is sometimes difficult to differentiate between them. The first symptoms that are noticed in the dog with which he does not want to eat or that he does so very slowly and salivates abundantly.

The most prominent symptoms are:

    Dry and constant cough Sneezing Loss> Regurgitation of the com> Nausea and possible vomiting Ladr> Fever Tiredness and lack of energy Excess salivation

Do not confuse pharyngitis with the so-called kennel cough, a type of infectious tracheo-bronchitis. This last condition causes strong coughs and choking in the dog in addition to very abundant phlegm, which differs from pharyngitis.

In the same way, the veterinarian will check in the consultation that these symptoms are not due to the existence of any foreign body lodged in the pharynx or to the presence of tumors.

Canine Pharyngitis: Remedies and Treatment

When pharyngitis is due to infections of the mouth, sinuses or respiratory tract, the veterinarian will prescribe the antibiotic relevant to treat such infection that will end so with pharyngitis.

However, when the infectious cause is not too clear, broad-spectrum antibiotics will be used. In any case, prescriptions always have to come from the hands of a veterinarian and at no time should any medication be administered to the dog on its own.

Depending on the symptoms that the dog presents, it will be convenient to also administer anti-inflammatory and cough suppressant to relieve the discomfort caused by pharyngitis.

It is important not resort to self-medication if it is observed that the dog has symptoms of pharyngitis and should not be given human medicines without the advice and supervision of a veterinarian.

Since the dog will have difficulty taking its normal feed, it must be supplied wet food canned in the form of chips in sauce, pate or mousse. In the veterinary clinics you can buy various food tubs that cover the nutritional needs of the dog and also have great palatability.

If the dog rejects this type of food, it can be given its usual feed, but soaked in warm water or in chicken broth that does not carry salt or onion, as they are harmful to the animal. In this way, the feed softens and can easily be crushed with a fork to form a porridge that the dog can consume without feeling discomfort. If you keep rejecting the food, a trick to use is to heat it a little in the microwave because the smell of hot food often encourages the appetite of dogs.

Another option is to resort to homemade food. You can give the dog a piece of cooked chicken, even pureed if necessary, or slices of turkey or ham. You can also take advantage to camouflage the medication you have to take in the food and make it the most pleasant drink.

It is also beneficial for the dog to apply hot neck compresses to relieve the discomfort of the throat and to widen the blood vessels favoring the inflammation is reduced.

Give him a tablespoon of honey a day or coconut oil It can help the dog cope with a sore throat, but this method should not be abused and should never replace any treatment prescribed by the veterinarian.

When pharyngitis becomes a recurring disease in the dog, the veterinarian may decide that it is necessary to perform the removal of the tonsils by surgery, but it is not common and if carried out, it is usually especially in small dog breeds.

If you liked this article about the Pharyngitis in Dogs Then you probably want to read some similar ones about oral diseases, specifically we have a category 100% dedicated to throat diseases and we also have a long collection of articles related to Pharyngitis, these articles are presented below:

What is canine pharyngitis?

Pharyngitis is a inflammation of the mucous membranes of the pharynx It results in a strong redness and sore throat. It occurs most frequently during the cold months and times of sudden temperature changes, and older puppies and dogs are more likely to suffer from it. Although in principle it is a mild condition, it needs veterinary treatment.

Main causes

The most common is from viral origin and it is usually caused by sudden changes in temperature or too much exposure to cold. Other occasions have their origin in oral or respiratory tract infections, as well as in diseases such as distemper or parvovirosis.

Among the most common symptoms are:

1. Constant and dry cough.
2. Aphonia.
3. Pain when swallowing, which results in lack of appetite.
4. Hyper-motivation.
5. Nausea and vomiting.
6. Fever.
7. Apathy.
8. Difficulty breathing.
9. Redness and inflammation of the throat. Sometimes a purulent secretion also takes place in the area.

Before any of these symptoms, we must go to the veterinarian.


Generally, the veterinarian will administer anti-inflammatories and / or antibiotics, depending on the state of the pharyngitis. If the dog suffers vomiting, it will also prescribe medication to stop them. On the other hand, we will help you recover by applying hot compresses in the throat area. It should always be the expert who imposes the treatment.


We can avoid pharyngitis protecting our best friend from the cold. It is convenient to put a coat for a walk, as well as position your bed in a warm space free of drafts. We must also dry their fur well after bathing and exercise caution if we are going to travel to areas with colder environments.

What are the causes of pharyngitis in dogs?

The truth is that there are various causes for pharyngitis in dogs. Among the main ones, they stand out:

Oral infections, when a wound occurs.

Sinus or respiratory tract infections.

Systemic diseases such as distemper in dogs or canine parvovirosis.

Most commonly, pharyngitis has a viral origin, due to a sudden change in temperature or due to exposure to a strong air current.

Main symptoms of canine pharyngitis

The most characteristic symptoms of pharyngitis have to do with the inflammation that occurs in the affected area and are similar to other throat conditions. The main ones are:

Frequent and dry cough



Aphonic bark

Swallowing pain

Nausea or vomiting

Lack of appetite

Excessive salivation


Apathy or tiredness in the dog.

In addition, when looking at the bottom of the throat, it can be reddened and with swollen tonsils or pus. In case several of these symptoms are detected at the same time, as we said, it is best that you go to the veterinarian so you can examine the dog and give a diagnosis.

How is pharyngitis treated in dogs?

Depending on the cause of canine pharyngitis, the specialist will recommend the treatment that you deem most appropriate. Antibiotics are usually prescribed to treat the infection and sometimes anti-inflammatory and cough suppressant medications for dry cough.

In any case, you should follow the instructions given by a professional and not medicate on your own. What you can do is help you recover by following some basic recommendations and care.

One of them has to do with food. So that the dog can swallow the food better and with less pain, it is preferable to give it wet food instead of feed. This type of food is marketed in several formats: from canned to pate tubs or bags with pieces of meat in sauce.

Those who prefer to continue using feed, it is advisable to soak it beforehand with a little warm water or broth to soften it. If you choose the homemade dog food, try to be in the form of mash or porridge.

It is also important that the dog is hot and dry, so you should avoid walking on bad weather days. At least until he is fully recovered. If it gets wet, be sure to dry it well. With the treatment and extra care that we indicate, your hairy friend will soon feel better.

How can we prevent pharyngitis in dogs

The best remedy for canine pharyngitis is its prevention. As with humans, air currents or sudden temperature changes during the winter are risk factors for pharyngitis in dogs.

Therefore, it is important to make sure that you are sufficiently protected and that you have a warm, dry place to sleep, since if you stay outdoors, you are much more likely to get sick.

Avoid drinking very cold liquids and getting wet. If you go for a walk on especially cold, rainy or snowy days, you can coat it with a sweater or dog raincoat. In this way, it will better conserve heat and stay drier.

When you get home make sure your hair is not wet and, if it is, dry it as soon as possible. Finally, try to avoid certain behaviors in the dog, such as sticking his head through the window of a running car. This is not only dangerous for him and for the rest, but it exposes him more to suffering from canine pharyngitis.

So you know, good prevention is key to avoiding major problems. And if any symptoms occur, do not let it pass. It is preferable to take your furry friend to the veterinarian and be nothing, to wait and then there are complications that hinder his recovery.

What is canine pharyngitis?

Before we know how to prevent it, we must know what we face. Well, this disease is usually of viral origin, although at other times it can be caused by stress or an infected throat wound, for example by eating sticks.

Pharyngitis is an inflammation of the mucous membranes of the throat, which also causes strong redness and acute sore throat. On some occasions, the inflammation is such that it can be palpated.

This disease affects more in winter, since it is colder and the temperature changes are more abrupt, both puppies and adult dogs and equally to all breeds. However, puppies and the elderly tend to be more prone because the former do not have their defenses fully developed and the elderly are likely to have a disease that makes it easier to get pharyngitis.

As we have already mentioned, pharyngitis is usually of viral origin and is usually caused by sudden changes in temperature, since it goes from a very low street temperature to a high temperature in houses.

In turn, it can also be derived from eating or drinking very cold foods, staying wet for a long time, allowing time to cool down or even sleeping in a cold place, either outdoors or at home in a cool place.

The symptoms that appear with pharyngitis are very similar to those of other diseases that also affect the dog's throat.

Among them we can highlight:

-Tos constant and dry
- Sneezing
- Loss of appetite for sore throat or hunger but does not eat.
- Regurgitate the food
-Nausea and possible vomiting
- Aphonic bark
- Fever
- Tiredness
- Excess salivation.